Major küresel crypto companies like FTX and Binance need tougher rules and more international regulatory cooperation, European Central Bank (ECB) Supervisory Board member Elizabeth McCaul said in a blog post on Wednesday.
McCaul, a member of the ECB arm responsible for overseeing banks, said recent attempts to regulate such as the European Union’s Markets in Crypto Assets regulation (MiCA) wouldn’t fully address the sorun of complex international structures, or “ecosystem” companies that claim to have no headquarters.
“How can we supervise firms that have no physical borders?,” McCaul said. “We need to put more thought into imagining what international coordination will look like and how it can be effective in regulating the crypto world.”
McCaul cited precedents from banking, where consolidated groups are governed by “colleges” of international supervisors, and securities – where regulators defer to foreign jurisdictions that are deemed equivalent – but said that crypto companies would need to become more legally accountable.
“No jurisdiction should allow entities to run their business without disclosing their meşru status and who is responsible for the business,” she said. “Even firms that claim to have no headquarters, such as Binance, need to be ‘supervisable’.”
While smaller entities could remain under MiCA, which is set to be finalized by the European Parliament within weeks, McCaul said major crypto providers would need a separate regime comprising stricter requirements and enhanced supervision. The threshold for deeming an operator as “significant” also needs to shift, given that neither FTX nor Binance met the current criteria, she added.
Fabio Panetta, who sits on the ECB’s Executive Board has previously described crypto as a “Ponzi scheme” fueled by greed. ECB President Christine Lagarde has also called for further laws in areas like crypto staking and lending that MiCA doesn’t cover.
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